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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-15

Incidence rate of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and its etiology in patients visiting Government Dental College and Hospital, Jamnagar (GDCH, Jamnagar)


1 Professor and Head, Oral Medicine and Radiology, GDCH, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
2 Tutor, Oral Medicine and Radiology, GDCH, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
3 Internee, Oral Medicine and Radiology, GDCH, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
R N Jha
Professor and Head, Oral Medicine and Radiology, GDCH, Jamnagar, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objectives: To assess the incidence rate of OSMF and its etiology in patients attending OPD at GDCH, Jamnagar. Material and Methods: The diagnosis of OSMF was based on clinical examination and evaluating patients “signs and symptoms. Results: The total number of patients affected by OSMF in this time duration was 268. Out of these, 230 (85.82%) were male, while 38 were female (14.18%). Therefore, male: female (M:F) ratio was 6:1. 104 males in the age group of 21-30 years constituted a single majority. Conclusion: This study reveals that the incidence rate of OSMF in patients visiting GDCH, Jamnagar was 1%. Males were more affected than females. It was seen that the major etiological factors in the development of OSMF was areca nut and gutkha usage by the patients.


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