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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-21

An evaluation of barriers to blood donation from a tertiary care teaching institution


1 Department of Internal Medicine, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Government Medical College, Nuh, Haryana, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Government Medical College, Nuh, Haryana, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Government Medical College, Nuh, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abhishek Singh
Department of Community Medicine, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Government Medical College, Nuh, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JIHS.JIHS_7_18

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Introduction: The demand for blood transfusion is increasing over time, and we need to cope up with this demand. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceived barriers to blood donation and to assess any association between the demographic variables with the barriers predicting blood donation. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was carried out for 3 months, i.e., from July to September 2015. All patients who never donated blood were included in this study. Purposive sampling technique was adopted. Study participants were interviewed using a pretested questionnaire. Results: A total of 150 patients were enrolled into the study. The variables that were significant in the univariate model included male gender, age group 25–44 and older, and education more than 10th standard. Perceived barriers to blood donation were fear of needles (29.33%), too inconvenient (28.67%), and fear of collapse after donating blood (24.67%). About 17.33% were of the view that they might contract the disease in the process of blood donation. 17.33% cited a reason for not donating blood as lack of time. Nearly 8% of participants had a fear of seeing blood. Five percent were of the view that blood donation reduces the lifespan. Of the barriers, which negatively predicted blood, donation was fear of pain, fear of seeing blood, fear of anemia, and no access to the blood bank. Conclusion: Based on inputs of this study, community outreach activities such as blood donation campaigns may be initiated to alleviate people's fear of blood donation. Health authorities can utilize this data to tailor the interventions to raise voluntary blood donation rates.


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