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Table of Contents
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 49-50

Indispensable need to involve multiple stakeholders to ensure global food safety: World Health Organization


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission31-May-2020
Date of Decision02-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance04-Jun-2020
Date of Web Publication30-Jun-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpaet District - 603108, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JIHS.JIHS_15_20

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  Abstract 


Feedback has been identified as an approach to provide information about students' performance in order to help and guide them in planning for the attainment of the learning goals and to improve their behavior and skills. However, it is important to understand that the mere provision of feedback won't meet the purpose of closing the feedback gap and it has to be supplemented with follow-up actions and evaluation of the entire process of feedback to measure the change in behavior. It is quite essential to understand that in order to ensure that the process of evaluation of feedback remains effective and meets the intended objectives, it has to be planned in a systematic manner and that too well in advance. In conclusion, evaluation of feedback has to be a continuous process and the criteria for the same has to be explicitly defined for better planning and corrective measures based on the obtained results.

Keywords: Feedback, Evaluation, Medical education


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Indispensable need to involve multiple stakeholders to ensure global food safety: World Health Organization. J Integr Health Sci 2020;8:49-50

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Indispensable need to involve multiple stakeholders to ensure global food safety: World Health Organization. J Integr Health Sci [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Jul 15];8:49-50. Available from: http://www.jihs.in/text.asp?2020/8/1/49/288683




  Introduction Top


Ensuring timely access to adequate amount of safe and healthy food has been acknowledged as one of the essential prerequisites toward having a better life.[1],[2] At the same time, it is important to understand that in excess of 200 diseases are transmitted due to the consumption of unsafe food containing different microorganisms and chemicals.[1] The global estimates suggest that 600 million people become ill each year across the world after consuming unhealthy food, while in excess of 0.42 million deaths are reported each year due to the consumption of contaminated food, of which 40% share is of under-5-year children.[1] Moreover, food-borne diseases significantly impact the development in low- and middle-income nations by interfering with the productivity because of sickness absenteeism and a huge burden on the health systems, individuals, and family members in terms of financial burden and impairment in the quality of life.[1],[2]

Need for food safety

It is important to understand that food safety, nutrition, and food security are strongly associated with each other, as a result of which consumption of unsafe food initiates a vicious cycle of disease and development of malnutrition.[3] In other words, maintenance of food safety plays a huge role in human health and sustained development.[1] Further, it has an immense role in ensuring financial security and growth of agriculture, trade, and tourism sector.[1] Keeping all these facts in mind and understanding the fact that the food chain has become longer and complex and that all the disease-specific deaths are preventable in nature, we all have an important role to play.[2],[3],[4]

Role of stakeholders

As a matter of fact, all the stakeholders involved right from the farmers till the consumers have to accept that there is no food security in the absence of food safety, and everyone has to take the responsibility for the same.[3] The time has come wherein we have to strengthen efforts to ensure that safe food items are only consumed, and this will essentially require good governance from the political stakeholders and appropriate legal provisions.[1],[2],[3] In addition, steps have to be taken to enhance awareness among all the involved parties about food safety and what each one of them can do to play their part in the process.[5] It is noteworthy that any investment to improve the food safety education among consumers not only reduces the incidence of diseases, but even enhances financial returns.[3]

Need of the hour

The need of the hour is that the governments should ensure delivery of safe and healthy food for all, while the farmers should adopt standard practices in agriculture.[1],[2] At the same time, measures should be taken to ensure safe transport, storage, and preparation of food.[3] In continuation, the consumers should look for obtaining clear information about all food products.[1] However, for all these to happen, all the involved sectors, including the international welfare organizations, should work in a concerted manner.[2],[3],[4],[5]

Conclusion

In conclusion, the consumption of unsafe food is a major global health threat, and thus prompt measures have to be taken to ensure food safety in the entire food chain, nevertheless it will essentially require support from all stakeholders.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Food Safety – Key Facts. World Health Organization; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/food-safety. [Last accessed on 2020 May 31].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Global food safety: Challenges and recommended public health strategies. Int J Prev Med 2016;7:8.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
3.
World Health Organization. Food Safety is Everyone's Business. World Health Organization; 2019. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/06-06-2019-food-safety-is-everyones-business. [Last accessed on 2020 May 31]  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
El-Nemr I, Mushtaha M, Irungu P, Asim H, Tang P, Hasan M, et al. Assessment of food safety knowledge, self-reported practices, and microbiological hand hygiene levels of produce handlers in Qatar. J Food Prot 2019;82:561-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. World Health Organization calls for food safety and prevention of food-borne illnesses. Healthc Low Resour Settings 2015;3:5217.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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