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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-33

“Quarantine”: An unparalleled and pragmatic weapon in the prevention of infectious diseases

Department of General Medicine, SBKS MI and RC, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pradeep Sareddy
Department of General Medicine, SBKS MI and RC, E-26, Staff Quarters, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth Campus, Vadodara - 391 760, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JIHS.JIHS_11_20

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In the 21st century, the risk for deadly infectious diseases with pandemic potential (e.g., severe acute respiratory syndrome [SARS]) is increasing worldwide with the current pandemic, COVID-19 infecting populations across almost all the countries in the world. In response to the emerging and reemerging infectious diseases as well as acts of biological terrorism, the centuries-old strategy of quarantine is becoming a powerful component of the public health. We made an extensive review of relevant articles from various search engines. During the 2003 pandemic of SARS, the use of quarantine, border controls, contact tracing, and surveillance proved effective in containing the global threat in just over 3 months. In a globalized world which is becoming ever more vulnerable to communicable diseases, a historical perspective can help to clarify the use and implications of a still-valid public health strategy. The historiographer and the experts of public health did not give much attention to isolating the movement and barter of goods or people on land or sea to contain a contagious disease. Yet, a historical perspective of quarantine can contribute to a better understanding of its effectiveness in enclosing current pandemic like COVID-19.

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