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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-23

Knowledge, attitude and practices for HBV and HCV (Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus) among the students of a central university in South Delhi (India) and strategies for prevention of disease

1 Department of Pathology, FOD, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, FOD, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
3 Directorate General of Health Services, Government of NCT of Delhi, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Pathology, Jawaharlalnehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Deep Inder
Department of Pharmacology, FOD, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi - 110 025
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jihs.jihs_2_21

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Hepatitis B and C are one of the major blood-borne viral infections in India and across the globe. There is an urgent need to address this public health problem at the community level. Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) about hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) among the students of a central university, thus identifying and bridging the gaps in KAP by formulating strategies at the community level. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 127 participants between November 2019 and December 2019. Data for KAP were collected using self-structured questionnaire after obtaining written informed consent. The data included demography, basic knowledge, modes of transmission, attitude, practices, and preventive measures to control HBV and HCV. Descriptive data were analyzed using SPSS-18 software. Results: Overall awareness level was 60% among university students. Knowledge about transmission via blood/blood related products (71%), reuse of needle or syringes (66%), ear/nose piercing/tattooing (33%), prevention through vaccination (76.4%) was found. Overall negative attitude toward the infected patient was 82% and avoidance behavior was 29%. In practice, 55% of participants had completed all doses of vaccination. Eighty-five percent participants agreed to visit a doctor following any symptoms and 70% found proactive in containment and educating the masses. Conclusion: The lacunae in KAP can be bridged by active participation, training, and education of the students of university by focused strategies based on communication and behavior change and positive motivation using public platforms and social media by university authorities from time to time.

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